Fuji has an equity position in two of the distributors, gives large year –end relates and cash payments to all four distributors as a reward for their loyalty to Fuji, and owns stakes in the banks that finance them. Kodak also claims that Fuji uses similar tactics to control 430 wholesale photo furnishing labs in Japan to which it is the exclusive supplier. Moreover Kodak’s petition claims that the Japanese government has actively encourages these practices. But Fuji a similar counter arguments relating to Kodak in U. S. nd states bluntly that Kodak’s charges are a clear case of the pot calling the kettle back. (a) What was the critical catalyst that led Kodak to start taking the Japanese market seriously? (b) From the evidence given in the case do you think Kodak’s charges of unfair trading practices against Fuji are valid? Support your answer. CASE 2 (20 Marks) Two Senior executives of world’s largest firms with extensive holdings outside the home country speak. Company A : “We are a multinational firm. We distribute our products in about 100 countries.
We manufacture in over 17 countries and do research and development in three countries. We look at all new investment projects both domestic and overseas using exactly the same criteria”. The execution from company A continues, “ of course the most of the key ports in our subsidiaries are held by home country nationals. Whenever replacements for these men are sought, it is the practice, if not the policy, to look next to you at the lead office and pick some one (usually a home country national) you know and trust”. Company B : “ We are multinational firm.
Our product division executives have worldwide profit responsibility. As our organisational chart shows, the united states is just one region on a par with Europe, Latin America, Africa etc, in each division”. The executive from Company B goes on to explain, “the worldwide Product division concept is rather difficult to implement. The senior executives incharge of this divisions have little overseas experience. They have been 3 | P a g e promoted from domestic ports and tend to view foreign consumers needs as really basically the same as ours.
Also, product division executives tend to focus on domestic market, because it generates more revenue than foreign market. The rewards are for global performance, but strategy is to focus on domestic. Most of the senior executives simply do not understand what happens overseas and really do not trust foreign executives, even those in key portions? Questions : 1 Which company is truly Multinational ? Why? 2 List three differences between Company , Multi National company and Trans Multi National Company